Prayagraj not only holds historical and religious importance but it has noticeable contribution in political field as well. Prayagraj has been a birthplace and workplace of the prime ministers and prominent leaders of our country like Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru, Shri Lal Bahadur Shastri, Smt. Indira Gandhi, Mr. V.P. Singh and Mr. Rajeev Gandhi.
In 1991, the population of the city was 7, 93,144 and in 2001 the population become 9, 75,393. As per census 2011, the total city population is 15, 36,218 after expansion of Municipal Limits in the month of January 2020 with city limit area of 365 Sq.Km. approx. The approved number of sweepers of Nagar Nigam is 2575 but after retirement, the approx number of sweepers has been cut down to 1900. This number should be 3360 as per the set standards which covers through outsourcing staff.
Similarly in 1981, the number of Nagar Nigam House Tax properties were 58,566 which have more than tripled and at present the number is approximately 2, 15,000. This proves that there has been a tremendous increase in population and number of buildings.
As a pilgrimage, the area near the junction of holy rivers Ganga , Yamuna ,Saraswati, comes under the work area of Defence Department, Government Of India and it acts as covertures for the city from three sides.
About Nagar Nigam
Nagar Nigam - From the Casement of History
When Pits India Act was passed during British rule, there was no noticeable improvement in the facilities provided. In future, Deputy Superintendent of police was made the incharge of the city. A provision of local agency was started in big cities for basic amenities. This arrangement was made in Prayagraj too . . Lighting & sanitation arrangement of the city was the responsibility of this local agency which was headed by officers.
The expenses which came on these arrangements were levied as internal house taxes on the public under 1856's Chowkidar's Act. Under 1850 - North Western Provinces and Avadh Municipalities Act- 26, mainly police arrangement, fundamental services and city's developmental works were enlisted under the responsibilities of this government. This local agency was a committe of elected People under the collector. The right to elect these People was with the government. This committee was able to levy taxes under different heads as per the needs and those working against the norms were charged Rs.50 as penalty. In 1862-63, provision of Octori recovery was started.
In 1864, Lucknow Municipal act was passed which was also implemented in Prayagraj. Under this, there was a provision of keeping 25 members in this Municipal Committee. Out of these 6 members were Ex Officio and rest 19 were elected every year. Commissioner, Deputy commissioner and City Magistrate were Chairman, Deputy Chairman and Secretary of the Committee. In 1867, in view of easy working, civil station and town areas were combined together. In 1868, elections were conducted in this whole area under North Western Provinces & Avadh Municipal Improvement Act- 6. Under this act, 1/3 of members were suggested to be appointed as Ex Officio. Lieutenant Governor had the right to elect these members or to conduct elections. The main source of income of Prayagraj Municipal Committee was only Octori.
By then , Punjab's act 15 ,1867 replaced Lucknow Act 1864. Under this Act , Lucknow, Faizabad and 13 other municipalities were constituted. By collaborating North Westerns area and different arrangements going on in zones of Avadh, a North Western Provinces & Avadh Municipalities Act- 15 was implemented .Prayagraj Municipal Committee was also set up under this act. Along with this Municipal Committee got a chance to start different programmes in the field of education and the work tenure of the committee was extended to 2 years. There was a provision of electing a Chairman & a deputy chairman but actually officers wer responsible for these posts..
The activities of Avadh Municipal Corporation & North Western Provinces were considered quite noticeable and important after the amendments made by Lord Rippen in contest of local self government on 18 May 1882. These amendments proposed to hand over certain rights to the Municipality in real sense. Inspite and even after Rippen's amendments, the work strategy of Municipal Elections remained as such.
First chairman of Prayagaraj Municipal Board was Shri Shiv Charan Lal who remained at this post till 16 Dec 1920, In 1920 the capital of this province was shifted from Prayagraj to Lucknow and this enhanced the importance of Board. On 3 rd Jan 1921, Shri Purushotam Das Tandon was elected as the chairman of the board. He continued on this post till 10 March 1922. This penod is called as the most sensitive period of Municipal Government.This was a time of freedom movements lead by Mahatma Gandhi ji. The whole nation was quite annoyed with the British rule after Jaliawala Massacre. They also tried that anyone with nationalist feelings should not be the Chaiman of the board. On 23 March 1922, they ssuccessful in their conspiracy and Shri Kamta Prasad Kakkar was elected as 3 rd Chairman. Shri Kakkar could not secure expected votes in the next board elections and Pt Jawahar Lal Nehru took the charge as 4 th chairman of the board on 3 rd April 1923. He continued on this post till 28 Feb 1925. From 19 th March 1925-14 Dec 1925 Shri Kapil Dev Maurya was the chairman of Board. Once again Kamta Prasad Kakkar, (been the chairman for 6 times) Dr. Kailash Nath Katju (11 Jan 1936 to 25 Aug 1937), Babu Rabindra Nath Basu (26 Aug 1937 - 23 Oct 1944) etc were elected as the chairman's.
After independence, on 13 Aug 1948, Pt Vishambhar Nath Pandey became the first chairman of independent India. He can also be called as the last chairman because the Board was dissolved in 1953 and Dr. A.D. Pant was the first Administrator.
In 1959, UP Nagar Mahapalika Act was passed. Through this, improvement Trust and Prayagraj Municipal Board were dissolved in Nagar Mahapalika. On 25 October 1959, first elections of Nagar Mahapalika look place. The results were declared on 5 Nov 1959 and on 1 st Feb 1960, first Nagar Mahapalika came into existence of assembly who were elected from 27 wards. These members of assembly nominated 6 members. After this election Shri B.N. Pandey got the honour of being the first Mayor of Nagar Mahapalika. He remained on this post till 31 Jan 1961.
In 1959, UP Nagar Mahapalika Act was passed. Through this, improvement Trust and Prayagraj Municipal Board were dissolved in Nagar Mahapalika look place. On 25 October 1959, first elections of Nagar Mahapalika look place. The results were declared on 5 Nov 1959 and on 1 st Feb 1960, first Nagar Mahapalika came into existence of assembly who were elected from 27 wards. These members of assembly nominated 6 members. After this election Shri B.N. Pandey got the honour of being the first Mayor of Nagar Mahapalika. The remained on this post till 31 Jan 1961.
From 1 st Feb 1961 - 31 March 1962, Shri Bal Krishana Rao was the Mayor of Prayagraj. These election were completed on 23 Jan 1961. From 1 st April - 30 April 1963, Shri M. Zulfikar Wlah was the Mayor. 4 th Mayor was Shri Beni Prasad Agarwal who work tenure was from 1 st May 1963 to 30 April 1964. From 1 May 1964 to 30 April 1965, Shri Baijnath Kapoor acted as 5 th Mayor of Prayagraj.From 1 st May 1965 to 30 April 1966 and from 15 Sep 1970 to 2 nd April 1971, Shri S.N. Kakkar was the Mayor from 3 April 1971 to 19 Sep 1971 , Shri M.Samiullah, 20 Sep 1971 to 17 Sep 1972, Shri Shyam Sunder Sharma and 18 Se[ 1972 to 13 Sep 1973, Shri Satya Prakash Malimya and 18 Sep 1973 to 17 Sep 1974, Shri Ram Ji Diwedi got the honour to be the Mayor of Prayagraj. In 1974, all the Mahapalikas were dissolved and there were no elections till 1988. The whole arrangement of Nagar Mahapalika was looked after by the Administrators. Since 1944 - 1988, only 3 main lections were held for the Mahapalika.
After a long time gap, in 1989, Nagar Mahapalika's general elections were held again on 28 Aug 1989 & Prayagraj 'Bidi entrepreneur, Sri Shyama Charan Gupta got the honour of being the Mayor. Afterwards Sri Ravi Bhushan Wadhawah, became the Mayor. In his tenure, Nagar Palika was called as Nagar Nigam & wards were re-united. Instead of 40 wards, 70 wards were made Prayag Ardh Kumbh fare was also conducted during his work tenure.
During the tenure of 1960 - 61 & 1972 - 73, house tax, vehicle tax, animal tax, Octroi, traveling tax, advertisement taxes were the main income sources. Out of these, Octroi was considered as the biggest source of income. In July 1992 it came to an end by a decision taken by Shree Mulayam Singh Yadav . To compensate this loss, govt. started giving aids to Nagar Mahapalika.